Pakistan – Floods Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011
(11 Oct. 2010)
From October 1 to 4, USAID/OFDA Acting Director Mark Ward visited Pakistan to observe ongoing USAID relief and recovery efforts, meet with Government of Pakistan (GoP) officials, and discuss USAID/OFDA programs with beneficiaries and grantees. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPk) Province, Mr. Ward visited a U.N. World Food Program (WFP) food-for-work project, funded in part by USAID, to rebuild damaged homes in Charsadda District. In Nowshera District, Mr. Ward visited a USAID-funded U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) project designed to help farmers initiate planting activities in flood-affected areas. Mr. Ward also traveled to Pano Aqil air base in Sindh Province to observe ongoing helicopter relief operations.
According to the GoP National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), receding water has allowed many displaced families to return to areas of origin, particularly in KPk and Punjab, where the GoP and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) estimate that more than 95 percent of the displaced have returned to previously flooded areas.
In Sindh Province, parts of Dadu and Qamber Shahdadkot districts remain inundated due to the flooding of Manchar Lake. The NDMA recently reported that up to 85 percent of affected populations in Sindh remain displaced.
The GoP National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) and local authorities continue to register flood-affected individuals and distribute debit cards, valued at approximately $230 each. As of October 5, NADRA had distributed cards to 290,000 families. However, the U.N. reports some confusion among the displaced over eligibility for GoP debit cards, with some believing that compensation is limited to individuals residing in displacement camps.
This week, USAID/OFDA provided an additional $9.8 million for RAPID—a response fund that will provide quick-impact grants to organizations working in flood-affected areas. The most recent contribution brings the RAPID response fund to nearly $12.6 million. To date, 15 local organizations have received RAPID grants for emergency relief projects in five flood-affected provinces.
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Epidemiological Bulletin – Flood Response in Pakistan, Volume 1, Issue 7
(06 Oct. 2010)
Epidemiological week no 39 (25 September – 1 October 2010)
• Between 25 September – 1 October 2010 (epidemiological week no. 39), 41 of the 78 flood-affected districts provided surveillance data to the DEWS system. Of these 41 districts, 87% reported 6-7 days of the week.
• 715 fixed health and 192 mobile medical outreach centers provided surveillance data for this week.
• 433,890 consultations were reported through DEWS of which 19% were acute respiratory infections (ARI), 13% were acute diarrhoea, 13% were skin disease, and 8% were suspected malaria.
• 16 alerts were received and responded to this week; 6 alerts were for acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), 4 were for Dengue fever, 4 for Bloody diarrhoea, 1 was for measles and 1 was for unexplained fever.
• 7 deaths were reported to DEWS for this reporting week
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OCHA: Monsoon Floods Situation Report # 26
(21 Sept. 2010)
This report was issued by UNOCHA Pakistan. It covers the period from 17 to 21 September. The next report will be issued on or around 24 September.
• Affected families continue to move back towards their damaged and destroyed homes in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and to a far more limited extent in parts of Balochistan and Sindh.
• Comprehensive early recovery interventions in places of origin are increasingly critical in addition to sustained relief assistance for those that are unable to return.
• A revised appeal seeking in excess of US$2 billion was launched on 17 September. With a current gap of US$1.58 billion, dramatically scaled-up donor support is needed.
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Statistics: Flood Impact Profiles
Sindh (As of 14 Sept. 2010)
At a glance:
- An estimated 7 million people are affected.
- 7,277 villages are affected.
- 1,098,720 houses are damaged.
- 199 deaths and 1,072 injuries are reported.
Breakdown of population affected by floods:
Qambar Shahdad kot: 980,500
Naushahro Feroze: 148,000
Tando Muhammad Khan: 36,578
Click here to see these statistics on a map.
Punjab (As of 15 Sept. 2010)
Breakdown of population affected by floods:
D. G. Khan: 513,390
Rahim Yar Khan: 232,648
Click here to see these statistics on a map.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (As of 15 Sept. 2010)
At a glance:
- An estimated 3.8 million persons affected.
- Over 200,000 homes destroyed or damaged; an estimated 786 schools used as shelters.
Breakdown of population affected by floods:
D. I. Khan: 450,981
Lakki Marwat: 32,105
Lower Dir: 206,498
Mansehra: 26, 138
Upper Dir: 240,570
Click here to these statistics on a map.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
OCHA: Monsoon Floods Situation Report # 24
(14 Sept. 2010)
This report was issued by UNOCHA Pakistan. It covers the period from 9 to 14 September. The next report will be issued on or around 17 September.
• The emergency continues to unfold in the southernmost province of Sindh. Additional towns and villages in Dadu and Jamshoro districts have been flooded in recent days, as Manchar Lake breached its banks.
• The health cluster warns of an increased risk of malaria, particularly in the south, in the coming days and weeks.
• A fully revised floods response plan, the Floods Emergency Response Plan (FERP), will be launched in New York on 17 September by United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos.
• Though 74% of the requirements set out in the Pakistan Initial Floods Emergency Response Plan (PIFERP) have now been covered, massively scaled up donor support will be needed to meet the increased requirements set out in the FERP.
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OCHA: Monsoon Floods Situation Report # 23 (9 Sept. 2010)
This report was issued by UNOCHA Pakistan. It covers the period from 6 to 9 September. The next report will be issued on or around 14 September.
• Six weeks on from the onset of the floods, almost 12 percent of Sindh province is estimated to be under water.
• Ms. Valerie Amos, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator visited affected areas in Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces on 8 and 9 September.
• An additional US$12.7 million has been contributed against the Pakistan Initial Floods Emergency Response Plan (PIFERP), bringing overall coverage to 67%. Funding has been uneven however, and the WASH cluster is facing a 70% shortfall against its initial requirements.
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FAO Flood Facts (3 Sept. 2010)
AGRICULTURE SITUATION OVERVIEW
The scale of losses to the agriculture sector caused by the Pakistan floods is unprecedented and further unfolding.
• Approximately 4 out of 5 people in the flood-affected areas depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
• One of the greatest challenges on the ground is helping farmers to recover their land in time for wheat planting beginning in September/October and to prevent further livestock losses.
• Across the country, millions of people have lost their entire means to sustain themselves in the immediate and longer term, owing to the destruction/damage of standing crops and means of agricultural production (e.g. seed stocks, irrigation, livestock, farmland).
• The latest cumulative estimates are as follows:
- the Agriculture Cluster rapid damage assessments, completed in half of all flood-affected districts, found that 1.3 million hectares of standing crops have been damaged
- countrywide damage to millions of hectares of cultivatable land, including standing crops (e.g. rice,maize, cotton, sugar cane, orchards and vegetables) appears likely
- loss of 0.5-0.6 million tonnes of wheat stock needed for the wheat planting season
- death of 1.2 million large and small animals, and 6 million poultry (Department of Livestock)
• While the full extent of the damage still cannot be quantified and assessments are ongoing, the direct and future losses are likely to affect millions of people at household level, as well as impact national productive capacity for staple crops, such as wheat and rice.
• Response to needs in the agriculture sector cannot be underestimated nor delayed.
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OCHA: Flood Facts (3 Sept. 2010)
Flood waters continue to move through Dadu and Thatta districts in Sindh; on 3 September, water was reported to have entered Khairpur Nathan Shah town in Dadu.
Despite the challenges, the response continues to scale up; the food cluster estimates that it has now distributed over 50,000 mt of food to over 4 million people.
No significant changes have been reported in terms of funding. Over three weeks after the Pakistan Initial Floods Response Plan was launched, just 30% of the requirements of the WASH cluster have been covered.
Click here for more details. (pdf format)
USAID: Pakistan – Floods Fact Sheet #11, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010
(1 Sept. 2010)
– The Government of Pakistan (GoP) Ministry of Water and Power reports that all rivers in eastern Pakistan are flowing normally, and water levels are decreasing at all barrages in Pakistan, including the southernmost Kotri Barrage in Sindh Province. On August 31, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reported that floodwaters had begun receding in parts of southern Punjab Province, allowing families to return home. NDMA noted that returnees in Punjab were rebuilding mud homes, and markets had reopened.
– Parts of Sindh Province continue to experience flooding, particularly in Dadu, Qambar Shahdadkot, and Thatta districts. Relief agencies are establishing an additional humanitarian coordination unit in Hyderabad to respond to the declining situation in southern Sindh, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Five USAID/OFDA-funded international and U.N. organizations are currently working in Sindh, and six USAID/OFDA NGO grantees have expanded relief activities further south into affected areas of Sindh.
– To date, the U.S. has provided other civilian and military in-kind assistance in the form of halal meals, pre-fabricated steel bridges and other infrastructure support, as well as air support to and within Pakistan to transport goods and rescue people, valued at approximately $20 million.
Full_Report (pdf* format – 80.8 Kbytes)
Facts about the 2010 Pakistan floods (26 Aug. 2010)
(Data source: Reuters, dated 20 Aug. 2010)
- There have been more than 1,600 deaths.
- 4,000,000 people have been rendered homeless.
- 8,000,000 people have been identified as needing urgent assistance and medical care.
- Up to 20,000,000 people have been affected by the floods.
- Up to 3,500,000 children are in danger of contracting water and insect borne diseases.
- The floods have ruined over 1,600,00 acres of crops and 200,000 livestock have died.
Pakistan Health Cluster Bulletin (21 Aug. 2010)
Number of reporting disease cases is increasing. Until 18 August, 204 040 of acute diarrhoea, 263 356 cases of skin diseases and 204 647 of acute respiratory have been reported in flood-affected provinces. For more information, see the Pakistan Health Cluster Bulletin.
COMMUNICABLE DISEASE SITUATION UPDATE FLOOD AFFECTED DISTRICTS, PAKISTAN (18 AUG, 2010)
This report by the the WHO and the Ministry of Health provides an overview of the situation related to communicable diseases based on data from 53 districts (out of 73 flood affected districts) in all four provinces of Pakistan.
PAKISTAN FLOODS 2010 – A CLOSER LOOK ANALYSIS BY CASSIM INVESTMENTS (PVT) LTD (18 Aug 2010)
Identified Areas of Damage as of 17 August 2010:
Cotton: This is the worst hit crop, as according to initial estimates we have lost as much as 2 million bales. This may lead to more imports of cotton by the value added sector, adding further pressure to the Current Account Deficit and thereby causing further devaluation in the exchange parity.
Wheat: Wheat plantations were also damaged by flooding. At this point, we do not have any estimate of the damage. Given that we had a small surplus last year, we expect that the surplus will be lost for this year.
Rice: Pakistan may not be able to meet its target of rice export this year, as we expect losses on this front as well. We will lose the opportunity to earn foreign exchange therefore causing a widening current account deficit.
Sugar: We have estimated a loss of 500,000 tons of sugar cane, approximately 2 – 3% of the sugar cane demand. We believe this will have a minimal impact on the availability of refined sugar.
Many Schools, hospitals, bridges, roads, highways, electricity and gas networks have been affected or destroyed mainly in KP, and some areas of Punjab. All these will have to be rebuilt to facilitate economic activity. According to the government’s initial plans, 50% of the current year’s planned PSDP will be reallocated towards reconstruction. However, these projects will take place over a long term horizon.
Government’s relief effort needs to be carried out on an urgent and top priority basis.
According to initial estimates, around 800,000 – 1 million houses have been destroyed. Small scale businesses have suffered large losses due to loss of infrastructure and inventories (damage to the crop and livestock included). Rehabilitation will need to involve monetizing affected persons through subsidies for rebuilding of houses, businesses and working capital in the near term. Government has not announced such a plan as yet, and although this will be difficult to implement logistically and transparently, immediate resolution is required as any delays will compound the problem.
On a positive note, some field experts are of the opinion that agriculture will benefit in the long run as the flooding, will make the soil more fertile due to renewal of soil, and natural removal of salts thus decreasing its salinity.
The expected import of goods for relief purposes will widen the Current Account Deficit. However, Foreign Aid will help reduce the deficit ifreceived in time. Foreign Aid in the form of debt will help in the short term, but will constrict the amount of PSDP available with the financial cost burden in the future. A Current Account Deficit will cause devaluation of the currency, which is beneficial for sectors withexports.
If the above devastation is not addressed fast enough, we expect an elongated slowdown of economic growth because agriculture, which is the hardest hit sector, accounts for as much as 20% of the GDP.
Comparison of 2010 Pakistan Floods to Recent Global Natural Disasters (17 Aug 2010)
The United Nations rated Pakistan’s floods as the greatest humanitarian crisis that the UN has ever faced. Maurizio Giuliano, a spokesman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said: “This disaster is worse than the 2004 India Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Pakistan earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.” Here the National Disaster Management Authority Pakistan provides information comparing the 2010 Pakistan floods to recent global natural disasters.
Fatalities and Houses Damaged (16 Aug 2010)
Flood Facts (14 Aug. 2010)
- (8-11-10) – 1,600 casualties UN
- (8-11-10) – 2.6 million acres of crop land inundated UN
- (8-11-10) – 14,000 cattle dead UN
- (8-10-10) – 14 million people affected CNN
- (8-10-10) – 1,245 confirmed casualties CNN
- (8-10-10) – 1,334 people injured CNN
- (8-10-10) – 337,282 people rescued CNN
- (8-10-10) – 302,000 houses damaged CNN
Historical Natural Disaster Events in Pakistan (14 Aug 2010)
Interesting statistics on natural disasters in Pakistan including number of people affected due to floods every year.